N. Lue, W. Choi, K. Badizadegan, R. R. Dasari, M. S. Feld and G. Popescu, Confocal diffraction phase microscopy of live cells, Opt. Lett., 33, 2074 (2008).

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We present a new quantitative phase microscopy technique, confocal diffraction phase microscopy, which provides quantitative phase measurements from localized sites on a sample with high sensitivity. The technique combines common-path interferometry with confocal microscopy in a transmission geometry. The capability of the technique for static imaging is demonstrated by imaging polystyrene microspheres and live HT29 cells, while dynamic imaging is demonstrated by quantifying the nanometer scale fluctuations of red blood cell membranes.