Z. Wang, L. J. Millet, M. U. Gillette and G. Popescu, Jones phase microscopy of transparent and anisotropic samples, Opt Lett, 33, 1270 (2008).

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We developed an interferometric microscopy technique, referred to as Jones phase microscopy, capable of extracting the spatially resolved Jones polarization matrix associated with transparent and anisotropic samples. This is a generalization of quantitative phase imaging, which is recovered from one diagonal element of the measured matrix. The principle of the technique is demonstrated with measurements of a liquid crystal spatial light modulator and the potential for live cell imaging with experiments on live neurons in culture.