G. Popescu, T. Ikeda, K. Badizadegan, R. R. Dasari, and M. S. Feld, Erythrocyte structure and dynamics quantified by Hilbert phase microscopy, J. Biomed. Optics Lett., 10, 060503 (2005).

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We present a new quantitative method for investigating red blood cell morphology and dynamics. The instrument integrates quantitative phase microscopy with an inverted microscope, which makes it particularly suitable for the noninvasive assessment of live erythrocytes. In particular, we demonstrate the ability of this approach to quantify noninvasively cell volume and dynamic morphology. The subnanometer path-length sensitivity at the millisecond time scales is exemplified by measuring the hemoglobin flow out of the cell during hemolysis.