Journal Articles

Our publication profile on

(As of 03/08/2022)

Under Review

206. M. Sakakura, V. Macias, S. Borhani, A. Balla, G. Popescu, Light: Science & Applications
205. X. Chen, M. Kandel, S. He, C. Hu, Y. J. Lee, K. Sullivan, G. Tracy, H. J. Chung, H. J. Kong, M. Anastasio, G. Popescu, Nature Photonics
204. G. Kouzehgarani, M. Kandel, M. Sakakura, J. Dupaty, G. Popescu, M. Gillette, Nature Communications
203. M. Cheng, C. Best-Popescu, Y. J. Lee, G. Popescu, C. Yin, P. Bogdan, X. Chen, J. M. De-Jesus, Science Advances
202. S. Grewal, L. Janavicius, J. Milota, M. Kandel, J. Michaels, G. Popescu, D. Sievers, J. Lyding, Nanotechnology
201. X. Shu, S. Xue, Y. Xiao, R. Sun, H. Sun, Y. He, Y. Wang, B. Ge, R. Pandey, K. K. Tsia, K. Wong, R. Zhang, C. Hu, G. Popescu, R. Zhou, LSA
J. Lyding, S. Grewal, L. Janavicius, M. Evtimov, J. Milota, M. Kandel, A. Mironov, J. Michaels, M. Clawson, D. Vaz, G. Popescu, D. Sievers, ACS Nano
S. E. Spellicy, C. Hu, A. Passaro, M. Kandel, J. Lee, G. Popescu, S. Stice, Cells

In Press



198. Y. He, S. He, M. Kandel, Y. J. Lee, C. Hu, N. Sobh, M. Anastasio, and G. Popescu, Cell Cycle Stage Classification Using Phase Imaging with Computational Specificity, ACS Photonics 2022
197. J.K. Zhang, M. Fanous, N. Sobh, A. Kajdacsy-Balla, and G. Popescu, Automatic Colorectal Cancer Screening Using Deep Learning in Spatial Light Interference Microscopy Data, Cells 2022, 11(4), 716
196. C. Hu, S. He, Y. Lee, Y. He, E. Kong, H. Li, M. Anastasio, and G. Popescu, Live-dead assay on unlabeled cells using phase imaging with computational specificity, Nature Communications, (2022) 13:713


195. C. Hu, M. Kandel, Y. Lee and G. Popescu, Synthetic aperture interference light (SAIL) microscopy for high-throughput label-free imaging, Applied Physics Letters, 119, 233701 (2021)
194. N. Goswami and G. Popescu, Diffraction as scattering under the Born approximation, Optics Express, Vol. 29, No. 24 / 22, Nov 2021
193. G. Popescu, Large-scale phase retrieval, Light: Science & Applications (2021) 10:175
192. N. Goswami , Y. R. He, Y. Deng, C. Oh, N. Sobh, E. Valera , R. Bashir, N. Ismail, H. J. Kong, T. H. Nguyen, C. Best-Popescu, and G. Popescu, Label-free SARS-CoV-2 detection and classification using phase imaging with computational specificity, Light: Science & Applications, Volume 10, Issue 1, Pages 1-12 (2021)
191. N. Goswami, Y. Lu, M. E. Kandel, M. J. Fanous, K. Bohn-Wippert, E. N. Tevonian, R. D. Dar, & G. Popescu, Monitoring reactivation of latent HIV by label-free gradient light interference microscopy, iScience, volume 24, issue 8, pages 102940, August 20, 2021
M. Fanous, C. Shi, M. Caputo, L. Rund, R. Johnson, T. Das, M. Kuchan, N. Sobh, G. Popescu, Label-free screening of brain tissue myelin content using phase imaging with computational specificity (PICS), APL Photonics, 7, 2021
X. Chen, M. Kandel, and G. Popescu, Spatial light interference microscopy: principle and applications to biomedicine , Advances in Optics and Photonics, 13, 353-425, 2021
M. Kandel E. Kim, Y. Lee, G. Tracy, H. Chung, and G. Popescu, Multiscale Assay of Unlabeled Neurite Dynamics Using Phase Imaging with Computational Specificity , ACS Sensors, April, 21, 2021
Y. Jiao, Y. R. He, M. E. Kandel, X. Jun, W. Lu, and G. Popescu, Computational interference microscopy enabled by deep learning , APL Photonics, 6, 2021
C. Polonschii, M. Gheorghiu, S. David, S. Gáspár, S. Melinte,H. Majeed, M. E. Kandel, G. Popescu and E. Gheorghiu, High-resolution impedance mapping using electrically activated quantitative phase imaging, Light Sci Appl 10, 20 (2021)


K. Sullivan, C. Park, J. Ito, M. Kandel, G. Popescu, Y. Kim, H. Kong, Matrix Softness-Mediated 3D Zebrafish Hepatocyte Modulates Response to Endocrine Disrupting Chemicals, Environmental Science & Technology 2020 54 (21)
M. E. Kandel, Y. He, Y. Lee, T. Chen, K. Sullivan, O. Aydin, M Taher, A. Saif, H. Kong, N. Sobh, G. Popescu, Phase imaging with computational specificity (PICS) for measuring dry mass changes in sub-cellular compartments, Nature Communications, 11, 6256 (2020)
M. Fanous, C. Megan, Y. Lee, L. Rund, M. Kandel, R. Johnson, C. Best-Popescu, M. Kuchan, G. Popescu, Quantifying myelin content in brain tissue using color Spatial Light Interference Microscopy (cSLIM), November 19, 2020 PlosOne
Y. Jiao, M, Kandel, X. Liu, W. Lu, and G. Popescu, Real-time Jones phase microscopy for studying transparent and birefringent specimens, Optics Express, 28, 34190-34200 (2020)
B. Kim, M. Kim, Y. Cho, E. E. Hamed, M. Gillette,H. Cha, N. Miljkovic, V. K. Aakalu,K. Kang, K. Son,K. M. Schachtschneider, L. B.Schook, C. Hu, G. Popescu,Y. Park, W.. Balance,S. Yu, S. Im, J. Lee, C. Lee and H Kong, Electrothermal soft manipulator enabling safe transport and handling of thin cell/tissue sheets and bioelectronic devices, Science Advances, Oct. 16, 2020
C. Yin, X. Xiao, V. Balaban, M. Kandel, Y. Lee, G. Popescu, and P. Bogdan, Network science characteristics of brain-derived neuronal cultures deciphered from quantitative phase imaging data, Scientific Reports, Sept. 15,2020
X. Chen, M. Kandel, C, Hu, Y. Lee, G. Popescu, Wolf phase tomography (WPT) of transparent structures using partially coherent illumination, Light & Science Application, Aug 19,2020
M. E. Kandel, M. Rubessa, Y. He, S. Schreiber, S. Meyers, L. Naves, M. K. Sermersheim, G. Scott Sell, M. J. Szewczyk, M. B. Wheeler, G. Popescu, Reproductive outcomes predicted by phase imaging with computational specificity of spermatozoon ultrastructure, PNAS, Aug 4,2020
M. Rubessa, J. M.Feugange, M. E.Kandel, S. Schreiber, J. Hessee, F. Salerno, S. Meyers, I. Chu, G. Popescu, M. B.Wheeler, High-throughput sperm assay using label-free microscopy: morphometric comparison between different sperm structures of boar and stallion spermatozoa, Animal Reproduction Science, V219,2020
C. Hu, J. Field, V. Kelkar, B. Chiang, K. Wernsing, K. Toussaint, R. Bartels, and G. Popescu, Harmonic optical tomography of nonlinear structures, Nature Photonics, online,2020
J.K. Zhang, R, He, N. Sobh and G. Popescu, Label-free colorectal cancer screening using deep learning and spatial light interference microscopy (SLIM), APL Photonics, 5,4, 2020
M. Rubessa, M. E. Kandel, S. Schreiber, S. Meyers,D. H. Beck, G. Popescu and M. B. Wheeler, Morphometric analysis of sperm used for IVP by three different separation methods with spatial light interference microscopy, Systems Biology in Reproductive Medicine, Vol 66, 2020
K. Goda, G. Popescu, K. Tsia, and D. Psaltis, Computational optical imaging goes viral , APL Photonics, 5, 3, 2020
Y. Wang, M. Kandel, M. Fanous, C. Hu, H. Chen, X. Lu, and G. Popescu, Harmonically decoupled gradient light interference microscopy (HD-GLIM),Optics Letters, 45,6, 2020
M. Fanous, A. Keikhosravi, A. Kajdacsy-Balla, K. Eliceiri and G. Popescu, Quantitative phase imaging of stromal prognostic markers in pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma, Biomedical Optics Express, 11(3) (2020)


J. Bertels, M. Rubessa, M. Kandel, T. Bane, D. Milner, G. Popescu, and M. Wheeler, Zinc’s Effect on the Differentiation of Porcine Adipose-Derived Stem Cells into Osteoblasts, Journal of Regenerative Medicine 8:2-1-7
D. Zhang, L. Lan, Y. Bai, H. Majeed, M. E. Kandel, G. Popescu, J. Cheng, Bond-selective transient phase imaging via sensing of the infrared photothermal effect, Light Sci Appl 8, 116 (2019)
G. Pagan-Diaz, K. Ramos-Cruz, R.Sam, M. Kandel, O. Aydin, M. Taher, A. Saif, G. Popescu, and R. Bashir, Engineering geometrical 3-dimensional untethered in vitro neural tissue mimic, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, Dec 2019
M. Kandel, C. Hu, G. Kouzehgarani, E. Min, K. Sullivan, H. Kong, J. Li, D. Robson, M. Gillette, C. Best-Popescu, and G. Popescu, Epi-illumination gradient light interferencemicroscopy for imaging opaque structures, Nature Communications, October 16, 2019
H. Majeed, A. Keikhosravi, M. Kandel, T. Nguyen, Y. Liu, A. Kajdacsy-Balla, K. Tangella, K. Eliceiri, and G. Popescu, Quantitative Histopathology of Stained Tissues using Color Spatial Light Interference Microscopy (cSLIM) , Scientific Reports, October 11, 2019
M. Fanous, Y. Li, M. Kandel, K. Kilian, and G. Popescu, Effects of substrate patterning on cellular spheroid growth and dynamics measured by gradient light interference microscopy (GLIM), Journal of Biophotonics (2019)
M. Kandel, W. Lu, J. Liang, O. Aydin, T. Saif and G. Popescu, Cell-to-cell influence on growth in large populations, Biomed. Opt. Express 10, 4664-4675 (2019)
S. Purandare, J. Zhu, R. Zhou, G. Popescu, A. Schwing, and L. Goddard, Optical inspection of nanoscale structures using a novel machine learning based synthetic image generation algorithm , Optical Express, Vol 27, Issue 13, 2019
162. C. Hu, M. Santi, O. Adelaja, A. Kajdacsy-Balla, G. Popescu and W. Kobak, Imaging collagen properties in the uterosacral ligaments of women with pelvic organ prolapse using spatial light interfernce microscopy (SLIM), Fronties in Physics, May, 14, 2019
161. E C Qin, M. E Kandel, E. Liamas, T. B Shah, C. Kim, C. Kaufman, Z. Zhang, G. Popescu, M. L Gillette, D. E Leckband, and H. Kong, Graphene oxide substrates with N-cadherin stimulates neuronal growth and intracellular transport, Acta Biomaterialia, 2019
160. G. Popescu, Gabor’s holography at sea , Light: Science & Applicaitons, 19, 2019
Y . Li, M. Fanous, K. Kilian, and G. Popescu, Quantitative phase imaging reveals matrix stiffness-dependent growth and migration of cancer cells, Scientific Reports, 2019
M. Takabayashi, H. Majeed, A. Kajdacsy-Balla, and G. Popescu, Tissue spatial correlation as cancer marker, Journal of Biomedical Optics, 24(1), 2019
J. McCracken, B. Rauzan, J. Kjellman, M. Kandel, Y. Liu, A. Badea, L. Miller, S. Rogers, G. Popescu, R. G. Nuzzo, 3D‐Printed Hydrogel Composites for Predictive Temporal (4D) Cellular Organizations and Patterned Biogenic Mineralization, Advanced Healthcare Materials, 2019
C. Hu and G. Popescu, Quantitative Phase Imaging (QPI) in Neuroscience, IEEE Journal of Selected Topics in Quantum Electroincs, 25(1), (2019)


155. M. Rubessa, S. Lotti, M. Kandel, G. Popescu, M. Wheeler, SLIM microscopy allows for visualization of DNA-containing liposomes designed for sperm-mediated gene transfer in cattle, Molecular Biology Reports, 2018
154. C. Hu, R. Sam, M. Shan, V. Nastasa, M. Wang, T. Kim, M. Gillette, P. Sengupta and G. Popescu, Optical excitation and detection of neuronal activity, Journal of Biophotonics,2018
153. S. Sridharan, Y. Li, L. Foucard, H. Majeed, B. Bhaduri, A. Levine, K. Kilian and G. Popescu, Simultaneous cell traction and growth measurements using light,  Journal of Biophotonics,2018
Y. Park, C Depeursinge and G. Popescu, Quantitative phase imaging in biomedicine, Nature Photonics 12,(2018)
C. Hu, S. Zhu, L. Gao and G. Popescu, Endoscopic Diffraction Phase Microscopy , Opt. Lett. 43, 3373-3376 (2018)
S. Ban, E. Min, Y. Ahn, G. Popescu, and W. Jung, Effect of tissue staining in quantitative phase imaging, J. Biophotonics (2018)
C. Chiritescu and, G. Popescu, 3D Imaging of Live Specimens- Quantitative Phase Imaging with SLIM and GLIM, Imaging & Microscopy (2018)
H. Majeed, Tan. Nguyen, M. Kandel, A. Kajdacsy-Balla, G. Popescu, Label-free quantitative evaluation of breast tissue using Spatial Light Interference Microscopy (SLIM), Scientific Reports (2018).
M. Takabayashi , H. Majeed , A. Kajdacsy-Balla , G. Popescu, Disorder strength measured by quantitative phase imaging as intrinsic cancer marker in fixed tissue biopsies. PLOS ONE 13(3), 2018.
L. Liu, M. E. Kandel, M. Rubessa, S. Schreiber, M. B. Wheeler, G. Popescu, Topography and refractometry of sperm cells using spatial light interference microscopy, J. Biomed. Opt. 23(2), 025003 (2018)
H. Majeed*, L. Ma*, Y. Lee, M. Kandel, E. Min, W. Jung, C. Best-Popescu, G. Popescu, Magnified Image Spatial Spectrum (MISS) microscopy for nanometer and millisecond scale label-free imaging, Opt. Express 26, 5423-5440 (2018) .
S. Ban, E. Min, S. Bake, H. Kwon, G. Popescu and W. Jung. Optical properties of acute kidney injury measured by quantitative phase imaging, Biomed. Opt. Express 9, 921-932 (2018)
M.kandel, M. Fanous, C. Best-Popescu, G. Popescu, Real-time halo correction in phase contrast imaging, Biomed. Opt. Express 9, 623-635 (2018).


142. C.Hu G. Popescu, Physical significance of backscattering phase measurements, Optics Letters. 42, (2017) .
141. A. Badea, J. M. McCracken, E. G. Tillmaand, M. E. Kandel, S. S. Rubakhin, G. Popescu, J. V. Sweedler, and R. G. Nuzzo, 3D-Printed pHEMA Materials for Topographical and Biochemical Modulation of Dorsal Root Ganglion Cell Response, ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces 2017 9 (36).
140. A. Fan, A. Tofangchi, M. Kandel, G. Popescu, T. Saif, Coupled circumferential and axial tension driven by actin and myosin influences in vivo axon diameter, Scientific Report 7, 2017
139. Z. Yan, M. Han, Y. Shi, A. Badea,Y. Yang, A. Kulkarni, E. Hanson, M. Kandel, X. Wen, F. Zhang, Y. Luo, Q. Lin, H. Zhang, X. Guo, Y. Huang, K. Nan, S. Jia, A. W. Oraham, M. B. Mevis, J. Lim, X. Guo, M. Gao, W. Ryu, K. Jun Yu, B. G. Nicolau, A. L. Petronico, S. Rubakhin, J.Lou, P. M Ajayan, K. Thornton, G. Popescu, D. Fang, J. V. Sweedler, P. V. Braun, H. Zhang, R. G. Nuzzo, Y. Huang, Y. Zhang, Three-Dimensional Mesostructures as High Temperature Growth Templates, Electronic Cellular Scaffolds and Self-Propelled Micro-Robots, PNAS, 2017 (published ahead of print October 25, 2017)
138. T. H. Nguyen†, M. E. Kandel†, M. Rubessa, M. B. Wheeler, and G. Popescu, Gradient light interference microscopy for 3D imaging of unlabeled specimens, Nature Communications 8, Article number: 210 (2017)
137. Y. Lee, P. Cintora, J. Arikkath, O. Akinsola, M. Kandel, G. Popescu, and C. Best-Popescu, Quantitative assessment of neural outgrowth using spatial light phase microscopy, J. Biomed. Opt. 22(6), 2017
136. T. H. Nguyen†, S. Sridharan†, V. Macias, A. K. Balla, J. Melamed, M. N. Do, and G. Popescu, Automatic Gleason grading of prostate cancer using quantitative phase imaging and machine learning, J. Biomed. Opt. 22(3), 2017
135. M. E. Kandel†, S. Sridharan†, J. Liang, Z. Luo, K. Han, V. Macias, A. Shah, R. Patel, K. Tangella, A. K.-Balla, G. Guzman, and G. Popescu, Label-free tissue scanner for colorectal cancer screening, J. Biomed. Opt. 22(6), 2017
134. T. H. Nguyen, M. Kandel, H. M. Shakir, C. B.-Popescu, M. N. Do, and G. Popescu, Halo-free Phase Contrast Microscopy, Scientific Reports 7 (2017): 44034
133. P. Cintora, J. Arikkath, M. Kandel, G. Popescu, C. Best-Popescu, Cell density modulates intracellular mass transport in neural networks, Cytometry Part A (2017).
132. G. Popescu, The power of imaging with phase, not powerPhysics Today 2017 70:5, 34-40.
131. H. Majeed, C. Okoro, A. Kajdacsy-Balla, K. C. Toussaint, G. Popescu, Quantifying collagen fiber orientation in breast cancer using quantitative phase imagingJ. Biomed. Opt. 22(4), 046004 (2017).
130. M. E. Kandel, D. Fernandes, A. M. Taylor, H. Shakir, C. Best-Popescu, and G. Popescu , Three-Dimensional Intracellular Transport in Neuron Bodies and Neurites Investigated by Label-Free Dispersion-Relation Phase Spectroscopy, Cytometry: Part A  (2017)
129. A. Evans, B. Bhaduri, G. Popescu, and A. Levine, Geometric localization of thermal fluctuations in red blood cells, PNAS 2017 : 1613204114v1-201613204
128. E. Min, S. Ban, Y. Wang, S. Bae, G. Popescu, C. Best-Popescu, and W. Jung,  Measurement of multispectral scattering properties in mouse brain tissue, Biomed. Opt. Express 8, 1763-1770 (2017)
127. H. Majeed, S. Sridharan, M. Mir, L. Ma, G. Popescu, Quantitative phase imaging for medical diagnosis, Journal of Biophotonics (2016)
126. M. Shan, M. E. Kandel, and G.Popescu, Refractive index variance of cells and tissues measured by quantitative phase imaging, Opt. Express 25, 1573-1581 (2017)


125. M. Shan, M. E. Kandel, H. Majeed, V. Nastasa, and G. Popescu, White-light diffraction phase microscopy at doubled space-bandwidth product, Opt. Express 24, 29033-29039 (2016)
124. M. E. Kandel , K. W. Teng, P. R. Selvin, and G. Popescu, Label-Free Imaging of Single Microtubule Dynamics Using Spatial Light Interference MicroscopyACS Nano (2016)
123. E. Min, M. E. Kandel, C. J Ko, G. Popescu, W. Jung and C. Best-Popescu, Label-free, multi-scale imaging of ex-vivo mouse brain using spatial light interference microscopyScientific Reports (2016)
122. S. Sridharan, V. Macias, K. Tangella, J. Melamed, E. Dube, M. X. Kong, A. Kajdacsy-Balla, G. Popescu, Scientific Reports. Prediction of prostate cancer recurrence using quantitative phase imaging: Validation on a general population (2016)
121. L. Ma, G. Rajshekhar, R. Wang, B. Bhaduri, S. Sridharan, M. Mir, A. Chakraborty, S. Prasanth, L. Millet, M. U. Gillette, and G. Popescu, Phase correlation imaging of unlabeled cell dynamic, Scientific Reports (2016)
120. T. Nguyen, C. A. Edwards, L. L. Goddard, G. Popescu, Quantitative phase imaging of weakly scattering objects using partially coherent illumination, Opt. Lett., 24(11), 11683-11693 (2016).
119. M. Shan, V. Nastasa, and G. Popescu, Statistical dispersion relation for spatially broadband fields, Opt. Lett., 41(11), 2394-2496 (2016)
118. J. M. McCracken, A. Badea, M. E. Kandel, A. S. Gladman, D. J. Wetzel, G. Popescu, J. A. Lewis, R. G. Nuzzo*, Programming Mechanical and Physicochemical Properties of 3D Hydrogel Cellular Microcultures via Direct Ink Writing, Advanced Healthcare Materials (2016).
117. R. Horstmeyer, R. Heintzmann, G. Popescu, L. Waller, C. Yang, Standardizing the resolution claims for coherent microscopy, Nature Photonics, 10(2), 68-71, (2016).
116. R. Wang, L. Lei, S. Sridharan, Y. Wang, A. Levine, and G. Popescu, Dispersion relations of cytoskeleton dynamics, Cell Health and Cytoskeleton, 8, 1-7 (2016).
115. T. Kim, R. Zhou, L. L. Goddard, and G. Popescu, Solving inverse scattering problems in biological samples by quantitative phase imaging, Laser & Photonics Reviews, 10(1), 13-39 (2016).


114. R. Raman, B. Bhaduri, A. Shkumatov, M. K. Lee, M. Mir, G. Popescu, H. Kong, R. Bashir, High‐Resolution Projection Microstereolithography for Patterning of Neovasculature, Advanced Healthcare Materials (2015)
113. S. Ceballos, M. E. Kandel, S. Sridharan, H. Majeed, F. Monroy and G. Popescu, Active intracellular transport in metastatic cells studied by spatial light interference microscopy, J. Biomed. Opt. 20(11), 111209-111209 (2015)
112. C. Edwards, A. Arbabi, B. Bhaduri,X. Wang, R. Ganti, P. Yunker, A. Yodh, G. Popescu, L. Goddard, Measuring the Nonuniform Evaporation Dynamics of Sprayed Sessile Microdroplets with Quantitative Phase Imaging, Langmuir (2015)
111. H. Majeed, M. Kandel, K. Han, Z. Luo, V. Macias, K. Tangella, A. Balla and G. Popescu, Breast cancer diagnosis using spatial light interference microscopy, J. Biomed. Opt. 20(11), 111210-111210 (2015)
110. S. Sridharan, A. Katz, F. Soto-Adames, G. Popescu, Quantitative phase imaging of arthropods, J. Biomed. Opt. 20 (11), 111212-111212 (2015)
109. T. Nguyen, H. Majeed, and G. Popescu, Plane-wave decomposition of spatially random fields, Opt. Lett., 40(7), 1394-1397 (2015)
108. S. Sridharan, V. Macias, K. Tangella, A. Kajdacsy-Balla and G. Popescu, Prediction of Prostate Cancer Recurrence Using Quantitative Phase Imaging, Scientific Reports, 5, 9976 (2015)


107. T. Kim and G. Popescu, Quantitative phase imaging of cells in 2-, 3- and 4-D, Optics & Photonics News, 12, 34 (2014): OPN Link
106. C. Edwards, B. Bhaduri, B. G. Griffin, L. L. Goddard and G. Popescu, Epi-illumination diffraction phase microscopy with white light, Optics Letters, 39 (21), 6162 (2014)
105. C. Edwards, S. J. McKeown, J. Zhou, G. Popescu and L. L. Goddard, In situ measurements of the axial expansion of palladium microdisks during hydrogen exposure using diffraction phase microscopy, Optical Materials Express, 4 (12), 2559-2564 (2014)
104. G. Rajshekhar, B. Bhaduri, K. Tangella and G. Popescu, Spatiotemporal characterization of a fibrin clot using quantitative phase imagingPLoS One, 9 (11), e111381 (2014)
103. T. Nguyen, C. Edwards, L. L. Goddard and G. Popescu, Quantitative phase imaging with partially coherent illumination, Opt. Lett., 39 (19), 5511 (2014)
102. B. Bhaduri, M. Kandel, C. Brugnara, K. Tangella and G. Popescu, Optical Assay of Erythrocyte Function in Banked Blood, Scientific Reports, 4, 6211 (2014)
101. C. Edwards, R. Zhou, S-W Hwang, S. J. McKeown, K. Wang, B. Bhaduri, R. Ganti, P. J. Yunker, A. G. Yodh, J. A. Rogers, L. L. Goddard and G. Popescu, Diffraction phase microscopy: monitoring nanoscale dynamics in materials science [Invited], Appl. Opt. (Special Issue on Digital Holography), 53 (27), G33 (2014)
100. R. Zhou, T. Kim, L. L. Goddard and G. Popescu, Inverse scattering solutions using low-coherence light, Opt. Lett., 39 (15), 4494 (2014)
99. S. -W. Hwang, G. Park, C. Edwards, E. Corbin, S. -K Kang, H. Cheng, J. -K. Song, J. -H. Kim, S. Yu, J. Ng, J. E. Lee, C. Yee, B. Bhaduri, F. G. Omennetto, Y. Huang, R. Bashir, L. Goddard, G. Popescu. K. -M. Lee, J. A. Rogers, Chemistry and biocompatibility of single crystalline silicon nanomembranes and associated materials for transient electronicsACS Nano, Article ASAP (2014)
98. T. Kim*, R. Zhou*, L. L. Goddard and G. Popescu, Quantitative phase imaging (QPI): Metrology meets biologyPhotonics Journal, IEEE, (2), 1 (2014)
97. B. Bhaduri, C. Edwards, R. Zhou, H. Pham, T. H. Nguyen, L. L. Goddard and G. Popescu Diffraction phase microscopy: principles and applications in materials and life sciences, Advances in Optics and Photonics, 6, 57 (2014)
96. M. Mir*, T. Kim*, A. Majumder, M. Xiang, R. Wang, S. C. Liu, M. U. Gillette, S. Stice and G. Popescu, Label-free characterization of emerging human neuronal networksScientific Reports, 4, 4434 (2014)
95. C. Edwards, B. Bhaduri, T. Nguyen, B. G. Griffin, H. Pham, T. Kim, G. Popescu, and L. L. Goddard, Effects of spatial coherence in diffraction phase microscopy, Opt. Exp., 22 (5), 5133 (2014)
94. M. Mir, A. Bergamaschi, B. S. Katzenellenbogen, and G. Popescu, Highly sensitive quantitative imaging for monitoring single cancer cell growth kinetics and drug response, PLoS ONE, 9 (2), e89000 (2014)
93. G. Rajshekhar, B. Bhaduri, C. Edwards, R. Zhou, L. L. Goddard, and G. Popescu, Nanoscale topography and spatial light modulator characterization using wide-field quantitative phase imaging, Opt. Exp., 22 (3), 3432 (2014)
92. T. Kim*, R. Zhou*, M. Mir, S. D. Babacan, P. S. Carney, L. L. Goddard and G. Popescu, White-light diffraction tomography of unlabelled live cells, Nature Photonics, 8,  256-263 (2014)
91. G. Popescu, K. Park*, M. Mir* and R. Bashir, New Technologies for Measuring Single Cell Mass, Lab. Chip, 14, 646-652  (2014)


90. V. Crecea, B. W. Graf, T. Kim, G. Popescu and S. A. Boppart, High Resolution Phase-Sensitive Magnetomotive Optical Coherence Microscopy for Tracking Magnetic Microbeads and Cellular Mechanics, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum. Electron., PP (99), 1 (2013)
89. T. Kim, R. Zhu, T. Nguyen, R. Zhou, C. Edwards, L. Goddard and G. Popescu, Deterministic signal associated with a random field, Opt.Exp., 21(18), 20806-20820 (2013)
88. T. Nguyen and G. Popescu, Spatial Light Interference Microscopy (SLIM) using twisted-nematic liquid-crystal modulation, Biomed. Opt. Exp., 4(9), 1571-1583 (2013)
87. R. Zhou, C. Edwards, A. Arbabi, G. Popescu and L. Goddard, Detecting 20 nm wide defects in large area nanopatterns using optical interferometric microscopy, Nano Letters 13 (8), 3716-3721 (2013).
86. T. Kim, S. Sridharan, and G. Popescu, Gradient field microscopy of unstained specimens: reply to comment, Opt. Exp. 21 (16), 19188 (2013).
85. B. Bhaduri, K. Tangella and G. Popescu, Fourier phase microscopy with white light, Biomed. Opt. Exp. 4 (8), 1434-1441 (2013).
84. C. Edwards, K. Wang, R. Zhou, B. Bhaduri, G. Popescu and L. L. Goddard, Digital projection photochemical etching defines gray-scale features, Opt. Exp., 21(11), pp.13547-13554 (2013)
83. B. Bhaduri, D. Wickland, R. Wang, V. Chan, R. Bashir and G. Popescu, Cardiomyocyte Imaging Using Real-Time Spatial Light Interference Microscopy (SLIM), PLoS ONE 8(2): e56930 (2013).
82. H. Pham, B. Bhaduri, K. Tangella, C. Best-Popescu and G. Popescu, Real time blood testing using quantitative phase imaging, PLoS ONE 8(2): e55676 (2013).
81. R. Wang, T. Kim, M. Mir and G.Popescu, Nanoscale fluctuations and surface tension measurements in droplets using phase-resolved low-coherence interferometry, Appl. Opt. (Special Issue on Holography), 52 (1), A177-A181 (2013)
80. H. Pham, C. Edwards, L. Goddard and G. Popescu, Fast phase reconstruction in white light diffraction phase microscopy, Appl. Opt. (Special Issue on Holography), 52 (1), A97-A101 (2013)
79. T. Kim, S. Sridharan, A. Kajdacsy-Balla, K. Tangella, and G. Popescu, Gradient field microscopy for label-free diagnosis of human biopsies, Appl. Opt. (Special Issue on Holography), 52 (1), A92-A96 (2013)


78. R. Wang, L. Lei, P. Wang, A. Levine, G. Popescu, Dispersion-Relation Fluorescence Spectroscopy, Phys. Rev. Lett., 109 (18), 188104 (2012)
77. T. Kim, S. Sridharan, and G. Popescu, Gradient field microscopy allows label-free disease diagnosis (invited), Laser Focus World, 48 (8), (2012)
76. C. Edwards, A. Arbabi, G. Popescu, and L. Goddard, Optically monitoring and controlling nanoscale topography during semiconductor etchingNature-Light: Science & Applications, 1, e30 (2012).
75. H.Pham, B. Bhaduri, H. Ding and G. Popescu, Spectroscopic diffraction phase microscopy , Opt. Lett., 37 (16), 3438-3440 (2012).
74. M. Mir,  S. D. Babacan, M. Bednarz, M. N. Do, I. Golding, and G. Popescu, Visualizing Escherichia coli Sub-Cellular Structure Using Sparse Deconvolution Spatial Light Interference Tomography, PLoS ONE, 7 (6), e38916 (2012).
73. B. Bhaduri and G. Popescu, Derivative method for phase retrieval in off-axis quantitative phase imaging, Opt. Lett., 37 (11), 1868-1870 (2012).
72. B. Bhaduri, H. Pham, M.Mir and G. Popescu, Diffraction phase microscopy with white light, Opt. Lett., 37 (6), 1094 (2012).
71. T. Kim, S. Sridharan and G. Popescu, Gradient field microscopy of unstained specimens, Opt. Exp., 20 (6), 6737 (2012).


70. T. Kim  and G.Popescu,  Laplace field microscopy for label-free imaging of dynamic biological structures, Opt. Lett., 36 (23), 4704 (2011).
69. M. Mir, K. Tangella and G.Popescu, Blood testing at the single cell level using quantitative phase and amplitude microscopy, Biomed. Opt. Exp., 2 (12), 3259 (2011).
68. Z. Wang, K. Tangella, A. Balla and G. Popescu, Tissue refractive index as marker of disease, J. Biomed. Opt. 16 (11), 116017 (2011).
67. R. Zhu, S. Sridharan, K. Tangella, A. Balla and G.Popescu, Correlation induced spectral changes in tissues, Opt. Lett., 36 (21), 4209 (2011).
66. R.Wang, Z. Wang, L. Millet, M. U. Gillette, A.J. Levine, and G.Popescu, Dispersion-relation phase spectroscopy of intracellular transport, Opt. Exp. 19(21), 20571 (2011).
65. Z. Wang, D. L. Marks, P. S. Carney, L. J. Millet, M. U. Gillett, A. Mihi, P. V. Braun, Z. Shen, S. G. Prasanth and G. Popescu, Spatial Light Interference Tomography (SLIT), Opt. Exp., 19(21), 19907 (2011).
64. S. Sridharan, M. Mir and G.Popescu, Simultaneous Optical Measurement of cell motility and growth, Biomed. Opt. Exp., 2(1), 2815 (2011).
63. R. Wang, Z. Wang, J. Leigh, N. Sobh, L. Millet, M. Gillette, A. Levine and G. Popescu, One dimensional deterministic transport in neurons measured by dispersion-related phase spectroscopy, J. Phys. Cond. Matt.,  23, 374107 (2011).
62. J. Lim, H. Ding, M. Mir, R. Zhu, K. Tangella and G. Popescu, Born Approximation Model for Light Scattering by Red Blood Cells, Biomed. Opt. Exp., 2 (10), 2784 (2011).
61. J. P. Haldar, Z. Wang, G.Popescu, and Z. Liang, Deconvolved Spatial Light Interference Microscopy for Live Cell Imaging, IEEE Trans. Biomed. Eng. , 58(9), 2489 (2011).
60. M. Mir, Z. Wang, Z. Shen, M. Bednarz, R. Bashir, I. Golding, S. Prasanth and G.Popescu, Optical Measurement of cycle-dependent growth , Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci., 108 (32), 13124 (2011).
59. S. D. Babacan, Z. Wang, M. N. Do and G.Popescu , Cell imaging beyond the diffraction limit using sparse deconvolution spatial light interference microscopy , Biomed. Opt. Exp., 2 (7), 1815 (2011).
58. H. Pham, H. Ding, N. Sobh, M. Do, S. Patel and G.Popescu , Off-axis quantitative phase imaging processing using CUDA: toward real-time applications , Biomed. Opt. Exp., 2 (7), 1781 (2011).
57. E. Ben-Isaac, Z. Y. K. Park, G.Popescu, F. L. H. Brown, N. S. Gov and Y. Shokef, Effective Temperature of Red Blood Cell Membrane Fluctuations, Phys. Rev. Lett, 106, 238103(2011).
56. H. Ding, X. Liang, Z. Wang, S.A. Boppart, K. Tangella and G. Popescu, Measuring the Scattering parameters of tissues from quantitative phase imaging of thin slices, Opt. Lett., 36(12), 2281 (2011).
55. Y. K. Park, C. A. Best, T. Kuriabova, M. L. Henle, M. S. Feld, A. J. Levine and G.Popescu, Measurement of the nonlinear elasticity of red blood cell membranes, Phys. Rev. E, 83, 051925 (2011).
54. Z. Wang, H. Ding, and G.Popescu,Scattering-phase theorem, Opt. Lett., 36(7), 1215 (2011).
53. Z. Wang, L. Millet, V. Chan, H. Ding, M. U. Gillette, R. Bashir, and G.Popescu, Label-free intracellular transport measured by spatial light interference microscopy, J. Biomed. Opt., 16(2), 026019 (2011).
52. R. Wang, H. Ding, M. Mir, K. Tangella and G. Popescu, Effective 3D viscoelasticity of red blood cells measured by diffraction phase microscopy , Biomed. Opt. Exp., 2(3), 485 (2011).
51. Y. K. Park, C.A. Best, R. R. Dasari and G. Popescu, Light scattering of human red blood cells during metabolic remodeling of the membrane, J. Biomed. Opt., 16, 011013(2011).
50. Z. Wang, L. J. Millet, M. Mir, H. Ding, S. Unarunotai, J. A. Rogers, M. U. Gillette and G. Popescu, Spatial light interference microscopy (SLIM) , Opt. Exp., 19, 1016 (2011).


49. H. F. Ding, E. Berl, Z. Wang, L. J. Millet, M. U. Gillette, J. M. Liu, M. Boppart and G. Popescu , Fourier Transform Light Scattering of Biological Structure and Dynamics, IEEE Journal of Selected Topics in Quantum Electronics, 16(4), 909 (2010).
48. J.P Haldar, Z. Wang, G. Popescu and L. Zhi-Pei, Label-free high-resolution imaging of live cells with deconvolved spatial light interference microscopy., Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society (EMBC), 2010 Annual International Conference of the IEEE, 3382-3385 (2010).
47. H. Ding, Z. Wang, F. Nguyen, S. A. Boppart, L. J. Millet, M. U. Gillette, J. Liu, M. Boppart and G. Popescu, Fourier Transform Light Scattering (FTLS) of Cells and Tissues., J. Comp. Theo. Nanosci., 7(12), pp 2501-2511 (2010).
46. K.Park, L.J Millet, N. Kim, H. Li, X. Jin,G. Popescu, N.R. Aluru, K.J. Hsia and R. Bashir, Measurement of adherent cell mass and growth, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci., 107(48), 20691 (2010).
45. H.Ding, L.J Millet, M.U. Gillette and G. Popescu, Actin-driven cell dynamics probed by Fourier transform light scattering, Biomed. Opt. Exp., 1 (1), 260 (2010).
44. M.Mir, H.Ding, Z.Wang, J. Reedy, K. Tangella and G. Popescu, Blood screening using diffraction phase cytometry, J. Biomed. Opt., 15 (2), 027016 (2010).
43. Y.K Park, Monica Diez-Silva, Dan Fu, Gabriel Popescu, Wonshik Choi, Ishan Barman, Subra Suresh, and Michael S. Feld, Static and dynamic light scattering of healthy and malaria-parasite invaded red blood , J. Biomed. Opt., 15 (2), 020506 (2010).
42. Y.K. Park,C.A. Best, K. Badizadegan, R.R Dasari, M.S Feld, T. Kuriabova, M.L. Henle, A.J. Levine and G. Popescu,Measurement of red blood cell mechanics during morphological changes, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci., 107 (15), 6731(2010).
41. Z.Wang and G. Popescu Quantitative phase imaging with broadband fields, Appl. Phys. Lett., 96, 051117(2010).
40. Y. K. Park, C. A. Best, T. Auth, N. Gov, S. A. Safran G. Popescu,S. Suresh, and M. S. Feld Metabolic remodeling of the human red cell membrane , Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci., 107, 1289-1294 (2010).
39. Z. Wang, I.S. Chun, X. Li, Z.Y. Ong, E. Pop, L. Millet, M. Gillette, and G. Popescu, Topography and refractometry of nanostructures using spatial light interference microscopy, Opt. Let., 35, 208-210 (2010).
38. H.Ding and G. Popescu, Instantaneous spatial light interference microscopy, Opt. Exp. 18, 1569(2010).


37. N. Lue, W. Choi, G. Popescu, Z. Yaqoob, K. Badizadegan, R. R. Dasari, and M. S. Feld, “Live cell refractometry using Hilbert phase microscopy and confocal reflectance microscopy“, J. Phys. Chem. A,113, 13327 (2009).
36. H. Ding, F. Nguyen, S. A. Boppart and G. Popescu, Optical properties of tissues quantified by Fourier transform light scattering, Opt. Let., 34, 1372 (2009).
35. M. Mir, Z. Wang, K. Tangella and G. Popescu, Diffraction Phase Cytometry: Blood on a CD-Rom, Opt. Exp. 17, 2579-2585(2009).


34. H. Ding, Z. Wang, F. Nguyen, S. A. Boppart, and G. Popescu, Fourier transform light scattering of inhomogeneous and dynamic structures, Phys. Rev. Lett., 101, 238102 (2008).
33. N. Lue, W. Choi, G. Popescu, K. Badizadegan, R. R. Dasari and M. S. Feld, Synthetic aperture tomographic phase microscopy for 3D imaging of live cells in translational motion, Opt. Exp., 20, 16240 (2008).
32. G. Popescu, Y. K. Park, N. Lue, C. A. Best-Popescu, L. Deflores, R. R. Dasari, M. S. Feld and K. Badizadegan, Optical Imaging of Cell Mass and Growth Dynamics, Am. J. Physiol.-Cell Physiol., 295, C538 (2008).
31. Y. K. Park, M. Diez-Silva, G. Popescu, G. Lykorafitis, W. Choi, M. S. Feld and S. Suresh, Refractive Index Maps and Membrane Dynamics of Human Red Blood Cells Parasitized by Plasmodium falciparum, Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A, 105, 13730 (2008).
30. N. Lue, W. Choi, K. Badizadegan, R. R. Dasari, M. S. Feld and G. Popescu, Confocal diffraction phase microscopy of live cells, Opt. Lett., 33, 2074 (2008).
29. Z. Wang, L. J. Millet, M. U. Gillette and G. Popescu, Jones phase microscopy of transparent and anisotropic samples, Opt Lett, 33, 1270 (2008).
28. G. Popescu, Y. K. Park, W. Choi, R. R. Dasari, M. S. Feld and K. Badizadegan, Imaging red blood cell dynamics by quantitative phase microscopy, Blood Cells, Molecules, and Diseases, 41 (1), 10 (2008).


27. M. Shahrooz Amin, YoungKeun Park, Niyom Lue, Ramachandra R. Dasari, Kamran Badizadegan, Michael S. Feld, and Gabriel Popescu, Microrheology of red blood cell membranes using dynamic scattering microscopy, Opt. Exp., 15, 17001 (2007).
26. N. Lue, J. Bewersdorf, M. D. Lessard, K. Badizadegan, R. R. Dasari, M. S. Feld, and G. Popescu,Tissue refractometry using Hilbert phase microscopy, Opt. Lett., 32, 522 (2007).
25. G. Popescu, Y. K. Park, R. R. Dasari, K. Badizadegan, and M. S. Feld, Coherence properties of red blood cell membrane motions, Phys. Rev. E, 76, 021902 (2007).
24. Y. K. Park, G. Popescu, R. R. Dasari, K. Badizadegan and M. S. Feld, Fresnel particle tracking in three dimensions using diffraction phase microscopy, Opt. Lett., 32, 811 (2007).
23. N. Lue, W. Choi, G. Popescu, T. Ikeda, R. R. Dasari, K. Badizadegan, and M. S. Feld, Quantitative phase imaging of live cells using fast Fourier phase microscopy, Appl. Opt., 46, 1836 (2007)


22. G. Popescu, T. Ikeda, K. Goda, C. A. Best-Popescu, M. L. Laposata, S. Manley, R. R. Dasari, K. Badizadegan, and M. S. Feld, Optical measurement of cell membrane tension, Phys. Rev. Lett., 97, 218101 (2006).
21. M. Hunter, V. Backman, G. Popescu, M. Kalashnikov, C. W. Boone, A. Wax, G. Venkatesh, K. Badizadegan, G. D. Stoner and M. S. Feld, Tissue Self-Affinity and Light Scattering in the Born Approximation: A New Model for Precancer Diagnosis, Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 138102 (2006).
20. Y. K. Park, G. Popescu, K. Badizadegan, R. R. Dasari and M. S. Feld, Diffraction phase and fluorescence microscopy, Opt. Exp. 14, 8263, (2006).
19. N. Lue, G. Popescu, R. R. Dasari, K. Badizadegan, M. S. Feld, Live cell refractometry using microfluidic devices, Opt. Lett., 31, 2579 (2006).
18. G. Popescu, K. Badizadegan, R. R. Dasari, M. S. Feld, Observation of dynamic subdomains in red blood cells, J. Biomed. Opt. Lett., 11, 040503 (2006).
17. G. Popescu, T. Ikeda, R. R. Dasari, and M. S. Feld, Diffraction phase microscopy for quantifying cell structure and dynamics, Opt. Lett., 31, 775 (2006).


16. G. Popescu and A. Dogariu, Scattering of low coherence radiation and applications, Eur. J. Phys., review article, 32, 73 (2005).
15. G. Popescu, T. Ikeda, K. Badizadegan, R. R. Dasari, and M. S. Feld, Erythrocyte structure and dynamics quantified by Hilbert phase microscopy, J. Biomed. Optics Lett., 10, 060503 (2005).
14. T. Ikeda, G. Popescu, R. R. Dasari, and M. S. Feld, Hilbert phase microscopy for investigating fast dynamics in transparent systems, Opt. Lett., 30, 1165 (2005).
13. A. Ahn, C. Yang, A. Wax, G. Popescu, et al., Harmonic phase dispersion microscope with a Mach-Zender interferometer, Appl. Opt., 44, 1188 (2005).


12. G. Popescu, L. P. Deflores, K. Badizadegan, et al., Fourier phase microscopy for investigation of biological structure and dynamics, 29, 2503 Opt. Lett. (2004).
11. H. Iwai, C. Fang-Yen, G. Popescu, et al., Quantitative phase imaging using actively stabilized phase shifting low-coherence interferometry, 29, 2399, Opt. Lett. (2004).


10. A. Dogariu and G. Popescu, High-resolution spatial and spectral characterization of optical fields, OPN, vol. 13, No. 12, 21 (2002).
9. A. Dogariu and G. Popescu, Measuring the phase of spatially coherent polychromatic fields, Phys. Rev. Lett., vol. 89, 243902 (2002).
8. G. Popescu and A. Dogariu, Spectral anomalies at wavefront dislocations, Phys. Rev. Lett., vol. 85, 183902, (2002).
7. G. Popescu, A Dogariu, and R. Rajagopolan, Spatially resolved microrheology using localized coherence volumes, Phys. Rev. E, vol. 65, 041504 (2002).


6. G. Popescu and A. Dogariu, Dynamic light scattering in sub-diffusive regimes, Appl. Optics, vol. 40, 4215 (2001).
5. G. Popescu and A. Dogariu, Dynamic light scattering in localized coherence volumes, Opt. Lett., vol. 26, 551 (2001).


4. G. Popescu and A. Dogariu, Ballistic attenuation of low-coherence fields, Appl. Optics, vol. 39, 4469, (2000).
3. G. Popescu, C. Mujat, and A. Dogariu, Evidence of scattering anisotropy effects on boundary conditions of the diffusion equation, Phys. Rev. E, vol. 61, 4523, (2000).


2. G. Popescu and A. Dogariu, Optical path-length spectroscopy of wave propagation in random media, Opt. Lett.. vol. 24, 442, (1999).


1. M. L. Pascu, B. Carstocea, G. Popescu, et al, Imaging corneal cells using low power laser beams, Lasers in Medical Science, 13, 148, (1998).